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Types of Onions and How to Use Them

Onions are a staple ingredient in countless dishes around the world, adding flavor, depth, and aroma to our culinary creations; however, with so many varieties available, it can be overwhelming to know which onion to choose for a specific recipe. In this blog post, I will briefly explore the characteristics and best uses of some popular types of onion.


Yellow Onion

Yellow onions are the most common and widely available type. They have a pungent and slightly sweet flavor, making them versatile for both raw and cooked applications. Yellow onions are perfect for caramelizing due to their high sugar content, adding a rich and sweet flavor to soups, stews, and sauces. They are also great in meat dishes and as a base for sautéing.


Sweet Onion

Sweet onions, such as Vidalia and Walla Walla, have a milder and sweeter flavor profile compared to yellow onions. They are delicious when eaten raw in salads or as a topping for burgers and sandwiches. Their sweetness also makes them a popular choice for grilling, roasting, or caramelizing, enhancing the flavor of various dishes.


Green Onion

Also known as scallions, green onions have a mild and fresh flavor. They are typically used raw as a garnish or in salads, adding a crisp texture and a subtle onion taste. Green onions are also great for stir-frying, adding a burst of flavor to Asian-inspired dishes, soups, and omelets.


White Onion

White onions have a sharper and more pronounced flavor compared to yellow onions. They have a slightly sweeter taste when cooked, making them ideal for salsas, Mexican dishes, and spicy cuisines. White onions are also commonly used in pickling and as a topping for grilled meats and sandwiches.



Shallots have a delicate and subtle flavor, with hints of garlic and onion combined. They are often used in French cuisine, providing a milder and more refined taste compared to other onion varieties. Shallots are perfect for sauces, dressings, and vinaigrettes, as well as in sautés and pan-fried dishes.


Red Onions

Red onions have a vibrant purple-red color and a mild to moderate flavor. They are best enjoyed raw in salads, sandwiches, and as a topping for burgers. Their beautiful color and crisp texture make them an appealing addition to various dishes, while their milder taste works well in salsas, relishes, and pickling recipes.


Types of onions infographic

Each type of onion brings its unique flavor and characteristics to the table, allowing for endless culinary possibilities. Whether you are caramelizing, grilling, sautéing, or simply adding a fresh crunch to your dish, understanding the different types of onions and their best uses can elevate your cooking to new heights. Experiment with these various varieties and let their flavors enhance your culinary creations.



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